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Of Grand Forks • East Grand Forks
July 24, 2014
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When islands are mentioned, many people think of Hawaii, the Caribbean islands or even Iceland. In this Tidbits, we’ll explore a few unfamiliar islands; some fictional and some that are not even surrounded by water! • Sicily Island, Louisiana is not a tropical island, or surrounded by an ocean, sea or lake. It is surrounded by Deer Creek on the north, Bayou Macon and Tensas River swamp on the east, Bayou Louah and Lake Lovelace on the south and the Ouachita River to the west.
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• Three exploring brothers, Richard, Thomas and George Lovelace, settled in the area in the 1760’s. They loved the beautiful scenery and lay of the land and named the area for the Mediterranean Island of Sicily. • Popular Catahoula Curs were developed as a canine breed at Sicily Island. The dogs were bred from the Lovelace brothers’ Dalmations and Indian dogs in the area. They were named for Catahoula Parish. • Napoleon Bonaparte, one of the most famous military leaders in history, is credited with the Louisiana Purchase. Due to its French heritage, Louisiana has parishes instead of counties. Napoleon was exiled twice: to Elba Island in the Mediterranean and later to St. Helena Island in the southern Atlantic. WANT TO RUN YOUR OWN BUSINESS? Publish a
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Quiz Bits 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
6. Who played the role of Gus McCrae in the 1989 “Lonesome Dove” television series? What is different about the Palm 7. What is a human’s normal Islands off the coast of Dubai? temperature in Centigrade? What island had the first light8. T or F: A group of vultures is house on the Pacific shores of called “a wake.” America? 9. What is the average lifespan of What is the nickname for an adult housefly? Alcatraz Island? 10. What U.S. city’s nickname is “The Biggest Little City in the World”? How many main islands make up the Hawaiian Islands? TRIVIA What’s the capital of Vermont?
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UNUSUAL ISLANDS (continued): • Staten Island, a borough of New York City, is home to what was once the world’s largest landfill. Freshkills Landfill was established by the City of New York in 1948. The area was mainly coastal marshland and tidal creeks before it was filled in with garbage. At the peak of use, in 1986-87, the landfill had 680 employees and received up to 29,000 tons of trash per day! • Freshkills Landfill received its last garbage on March 22, 2001 and its transformation into a city park started in 2009. Freshkills Park will be about three times the size of Central Park, with 2,200 acres (890 ha). As the development of the park continues in phases over the next 30 years, future generations will know Staten Island as a beautiful place to play and relax rather than as a place for trash. • A popular television series that ran for seven seasons on the American Broadcasting Company (ABC) network was Fantasy Island. From 1978 to 1984, Mr. Roarke (Ricardo Montalban), the handsome, debonair host greeted guests to the island and fulfilled requests for their fantasies. The very popular “little person,” (the acceptable term used by the Little People of America organization), Herve Villechaize, known as “Tattoo” on the show, would rush up the tower of the main cottage to ring the bell when guests arrived. His call, “De plane, De plane!” was heard at the beginning of each show for six seasons. After a salary dispute he left the show and a butler took his place for the final season. • Fantasy Island was not filmed on an island but in various locations in California and Hawaii. The cottage where Tattoo rang the bell is at the Los Angeles Arboretum and Botanical Garden in Arcadia, California.
STROKE is an Emergency! FACE
Does one side of the face droop or is it numb? Ask the person to smile.
Is one arm weak or numb? Ask the person to raise both arms. Does one arm drift downward?
Is speech slurred, is him or her unable to speak or hard or understand? Ask the person to repeat a simple sentence. Is the sentence repeated correctly?
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TO CALL 911 If the person shows any of these symptoms, even if the symptoms go away, call 9-1-1 and get him or her to the hospital immediately.
West Nile Virus in Local Mosquitoes!!!
Mosquito Surveillance - Why Trap Mosquitoes?
Grand Forks Health Department continues to identify West Nile virus (WNV) in local mosquitoes. WNV is a serious disease that is transmitted by mosquitoes. Most people infected with this disease will have no symptoms or mild symptoms but this is a serious disease and can be fatal. The Grand Forks Public Health Department urges citizens to take personal precautions to avoid mosquito bites. The type of mosquito most common for transmitting WNV is present in our area and is most active from dusk until dawn. Please take the necessary measures to avoid mosquito bites.
The Grand Forks Health Department maintains an active mosquito surveillance program. The more we know about mosquitoes, the better equipped we are to control them. Our surveillance program is responsible for collecting, identifying, and conducting West Nile virus tests on mosquitoes. Traps are distributed throughout the community and the Information gained from these traps include: Mosquito Population – Knowing the population helps us determine if it’s necessary to conduct citywide mosquito spraying. This information also enables us to measure the effectiveness of the mosquito spraying operations.
How do people get infected with WNV? Most people get infected with WNV by an infected mosquito. Mosquitoes become infected when they feed on infected birds. Infected mosquitoes can then spread the virus to humans and other animals. In a very small number of cases, West Nile virus has been spread through blood transfusions, organ transplants, and from mother to baby during pregnancy, delivery, or breastfeeding.
Can I get West Nile virus directly from birds? There is no evidence that a person can get infected from handling live or dead infected birds. However, you should avoid bare-handed contact when handling any dead animal. If you must pick up a dead bird, use gloves or an inverted plastic bag to place the bird’s carcass (body) in a garbage bag.
Why do some states and local areas stop collecting dead birds to test for West Nile virus? West Nile virus is found in all 48 contiguous states (not in Alaska and Hawaii) and the virus circulates in mosquitoes and birds every year. Because West Nile virus is well established, some states and local jurisdictions are no longer collecting dead birds for testing. Instead, they have chosen to shift staff and funding resources away from testing of dead birds to other areas of West Nile virus surveillance and control.
Who is at risk for serious illness if infected with WNV? Serious illness can occur in people of any age. However, people over 60 years of age are at the greatest risk for severe disease. People with certain medical conditions, such as cancer, diabetes, hypertension, kidney disease, and people who have received organ transplants, are also at greater risk for serious illness.
Species of Mosquitoes – There’s around 43 different species of mosquitoes in North Dakota. Some of these mosquitoes are just annoying pests, but one of them, the Culex tarsalis, is the most common mosquito for transmitting West Nile virus in North Dakota. This mosquito is prevalent in the Grand Forks region. Monitoring and testing the Culex tarsalis mosquito is important because it may enable us to respond to an elevated threat of West Nile virus before it infects the human population. This component of mosquito control is very important in reducing the risk of mosquito-borne disease in our community. Mosquito Activity – Knowing what times the mosquitoes are active is important for getting the best results from our spray operation. We use ultra-low volume sprayers that deliver very small droplets and only 1 ounce of a diluted, non-residual insecticide per acre. Because we’re using such a small amount of insecticide, timing is critical to be successful. This insecticide must directly impact mosquitoes, generally while in flight to be effective. Rotator traps are used to monitor the times the mosquitoes are most active. Gender Identification – Knowing the sex of the mosquito can be helpful in predicting a new hatch. Male mosquitoes hatch out before females. Therefore, if we see a spike in the number of male mosquitoes collected in our traps, we know there’s the potential for an increase of females soon to follow. That data is helpful in preparing us for a citywide spray. It’s a short warning to get ready. Traps used in mosquito surveillance programs are not successful in reducing mosquito populations. They are simply a surveillance tool used to collect data about the mosquitoes in our community.
For information about West Nile Virus and the Grand Forks mosquito control program visit our website at www.gfmosquito.com or call the Information Line at 701-787-8144
UNUSUAL ISLANDS (continued): • Another place named “Island,” is Island Park, Idaho. Called the “Longest Main Street in America,” the community extends from the Snake River north of Ashton, Idaho, to the Montana border. Island Park is popular for fishing, hunt120 N. Wash. St. 701-775-8602 ing, water sports and snowmobiling. The averGrand Forks age snowfall of 9 feet makes the area a winter wonderland, while famous trout fishing is the • Comics • Trading Cards biggest draw in warm weather.
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• Hegura Island, Japan, is known for its female “free divers” (divers who deep sea dive without breathing equipment) known as “Ama.” For years the families involved in the business of Ama have rejoiced over the births of baby girls. Females are the ones who learn to dive somewhat miraculously as much as 82 feet to harvest abalone. Through the years they started using goggles, flippers and wet suits but have never used oxygen tanks. Their “tools” are “visual acuity, lung capacity and hunter instinct.” • Hereditary rights determine who can be a part of the Ama business. Historical records show the claim to dive for abalone was bestowed on “female ancestors by Lord Maeda during the feudal Tokugawa era” in Japan from 1603-1867. An Ama interviewed on CBS Sunday Morning on February 9, 2014, was still diving at age 80! • The fishing region of Thousand Islands, that stretches along the St. Lawrence River region of New York and Canada is where Thousand Island salad dressing was created. Clayton, New York is considered the birthplace of the dressing, home of the Thousand Islands Inn. • The origin of the salad dressing has two stories passed down through history, both involving fishing guides in the region. Read about the salad dressing and the Thousand Islands area at www.visit1000islands.com.
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SPORTS QUIZ 1. In 2013, Boston’s David Ortiz set a record for most career hits by a designated hitter. Who had held the mark? 2. In 2012-13, the Hornets’ Ryan Anderson became the fourth NBA player to have 500 rebounds and 200 3-pointers made in a season. Name two of the others. 3. Who was captain of the U.S. mens’ World Cup soccer team in 2002 and 2006?
4. In 2014, Kurt Busch tied for the best finish (6th) at the Indianapolis 500 for a driver also racing in the Coca-Cola 600 the same day. Whom did he tie? 5. Name the last pitcher before Los Angeles Dodgers’ Clayton Kershaw (2011-13) to lead the majors in ERA for three consecutive years. 6. In 2012, Washington’s Robert Griffin III became the 4th NFL QB since 1970 to rush for 800 yards in a season. Name 2 of the other 3.
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UNUSUAL ISLANDS (continued): • In the far northern part of Canada there is a chain of islands known as the Arctic Archipelago. There are 94 islands with Ellesmere Island being the farthest north and the tenth largest island in the world.
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MOMENTS IN TIME
• On Aug. 1, 1498, Italian explorer Christopher Columbus sets foot on the American mainland for the first time, in present-day Venezuela. Thinking it was an island, he christened it Isla Santa and claimed it for Spain. Columbus, a deeply religious man, decided that Venezuela was the outer regions of the Garden of Eden. • On July 29, 1862, Confederate spy Marie Isabella "Belle" Boyd is arrested by Union troops and detained for providing crucial information to the Confederates during the war. It was the first of three arrests. Boyd was just 18 years old. • On Aug. 2, 1876, "Wild Bill" Hickok, one of the greatest gunfighters of the American West, is murdered in Deadwood, South Dakota. Hickok was playing cards with his back to the saloon door when a young gunslinger named Jack McCall shot him in the back of the head. • On July 31, 1937, Charles Martine, an Apache scout who played an important role in the surrender of Geronimo in 1886, dies on the Mescalero Reservation in New Mexico. After being found, Geronimo agreed
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to a meeting with Gen. Nelson Miles, during which he gave his unconditional surrender. Martine and Geronimo were exiled, and Martine never did receive his promised reward. • On July 28, 1945, a United States military plane crashes into the Empire State Building, killing 14 people. Upon impact, the plane's jet fuel exploded. One engine from the plane went straight through the building and landed in a penthouse apartment across the street. • On July 30, 1956, two years after pushing to have the phrase "under God" inserted into the pledge of allegiance, President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs a law officially declaring "In God We Trust" to be the nation's official motto and be printed on all U.S. paper currency. • On Aug. 3, 1965, CBS-TV news shows pictures of men from the First Battalion, Ninth Marines setting fire to huts in the village of Cam Na, Vietnam, despite reports that the Viet Cong had already fled the area. The film report sparked indignation and condemnation of the U.S. policy.
• Ellesmere Island is only 497 miles from the North Pole and 15 miles from Greenland. It is a polar desert with an average annual precipitation of only 2 ¾ inches, making it drier than the Sahara Desert! • On the southern coast of Ellesmere Island, Grise Fiord is the northernmost permanent community in Canada with a hardy but small population of 148. • An island with a population at the other end of the population spectrum is Java, Indonesia. It is the thirteenth largest island in the world and is home to 136 million people. • Known for its millions of peppers instead of people is Avery Island, Louisiana. The island is one of five salt domes that rise out of the marshes of the Louisiana Gulf Coast. This island is only 163 feet above sea level. • The McIlhenny Company and their acres of hot peppers and facilities for producing the famous TABASCO® products occupy most of Avery Island. The family-owned hot sauce company has been at the site since its founding in 1868. • An island not known for hot peppers, but for beautiful flowers, red soil, shorelines, and a famous novel is Prince Edward Island (PEI). Anne of Green Gables, published in 1908 by Lucy Maud Montgomery, is famous all over the world. Thousands of tourists come to the island off the eastern coast of Canada annually to visit Green Gables Heritage Place and Montgomery’s home, both part of PEI National Park.
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RAYMOND BURR Raymond William Stacy Burr was born on May 21, 1917 in the small community of New Westminster, British Columbia, Canada. He starred in many films and television shows but is most widely known for the roles of Perry Mason and Ironside in a long television career. • Quite the story-teller, Burr apparently told many untruths about his own personal life. He claimed to have been married three times and that he had a son who died young. By all accounts at least two of the marriages and the son were fabricated relationships. • What is known as truth about Burr is that he could pretend to be a lawyer and a detective and proved that well in two long-running television shows. • One of the earliest appearances that Burr is known for was in Alfred Hitchcock’s film, Rear Window. • He is most widely known for his starring role as the heavy-weight burly attorney, Perry Mason, in the show by the same name that was broadcast nine seasons from 1957-66. • The Perry Mason television show was based on the fictional writings of Erle Stanley Gardner, who was a practicing attorney for about 20 years. Gardner created the main character as well as Mason’s secretary, played by Della Street, and the private detective and investigator who made up the main cast of characters for the television series. Gardner wrote the first Perry Mason stories in 1933. The last Perry Mason mystery was published three years after Gardner’s death in 1973. • A year after the original Perry Mason series ended Burr returned to television as Ironside. That series was about a police detective who became confined to a wheelchair in the first episode. It was on the air from 1967-75.
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• It is sometimes reported (inaccurately) that Perry Mason never lost a case. However, Perry Mason did lose two cases: The Case of the Terrified Typist and The Case of the Deadly Verdict. • Canada honored Raymond Burr, aka Perry Mason, with a postage stamp in 2008. He was one of four Canadians the postal service chose to honor for their achievements in Hollywood. • The U.S. Postal Service also had a Perry Mason stamp. It was part of a series of stamps called “Early TV Memories,” issued on August 11, 2009. • Collectors of Raymond Burr memorabilia seek out the stamps for their collections but also look for vintage copies of TV Guide. He was on the cover 14 times! • Burr starred in numerous reprisals of his role as Perry Mason after the original series ended. There was The New Perry Mason series in 1973; a television movie, Perry Mason Returns in 1985; and more than 25 other Perry Mason appearances for Burr. The movie in the 1985-86 season was the second-highest rated television movie that year. One of the funniest appearances by Raymond Burr was in a spoof of his Perry Mason role on Airplane II, the Sequel in 1982. • Burr had a great interest in two horticultural beauties: orchids and his favorite wine grape, Cabernet Sauvignon. One of his last ventures was the establishment of the Raymond Burr Vineyards in Sonoma County, California. • Burr died on September 12, 1993 at his home in Sonoma, California after a battle with cancer.
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For more call Medica’s Center for Healthy at 1-800-906-5432. 8 a.m. For moreinformation, information, call Medica’s CenterAging for toll-free Healthy AgingSM toll-free atto 8 p.m CT, 7 days a week. TTY users, please call the National Relay Center at 1-800-855-2880. You must continue to 1-800-906-5432, a.m. toMedica 8 p.m. days users, pleasein call pay your Medicare Part B8premium. is aCT, Cost7plan withaa week. MedicareTTY contract. Enrollment Medica depends on contract renewal. Y0088_3450 CMS Accepted. You must continue to pay © 2013 Medica the National Relay Center at 1-800-855-2880. your Medicare Part B premium. Medica is a Cost plan with a Medicare contract. Enrollment in Medica depends on
Before pencils, ancient Romans used a writing instrument called a stylus to make light marks on papyrus, an early form of paper. When graphite was discovered in Borrowdale, England in 1564, darker marks were made possible leading to what is still called a pencil. • The term “lead” pencil has been used throughout history but was actually never accurate. Lead has never been used as the marking material inside pencils. However, lead was used in the exterior paint of pencils and caused health problems when pencils were chewed or put in the mouth. • In the early discovery years, pencils were not covered with wood. People would use cloth or some other covering to hold the graphite to write. When just held by hand, graphite turns hands and fingers black.
• The 21 Club is a posh New York restaurant that has been in operation since 1922, though it has undergone some changes since its early days. The eatery's policy prohibiting women from wearing pants to dine didn't change until 1969. That was the year when "Laugh-In" actress Judy Carne entered wearing what has been described as a "tunic-topped pants suit." When she was told she wouldn't be allowed to dine, she took off her pants and left them in the coat-check room. The tunic
• Ireland has the distinction of being the first nation in the world that had one woman succeed another woman as head of state, when, in 1997, Mary MacAleese was elected president after Mary Robinson served in that position. • During World War I, the opposing armies called a truce to celebrate Christmas 1914. During the truce, a group of German soldiers and a group of British soldiers met in the no-man's land between the opposing trenches to play a soccer match. *
Thought for the Day: "Forever is composed of nows." -- Emily Dickinson
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• Faber’s grandson, Lothar, used water and then steam power to increase production and consistency in making pencils. He created standards for pencil size and hardness grades in 1839. Lothar is credited with the invention of hexagonal pencils and the first brand-name writing instruments, marked A.W. Faber. The Faber-Casteel Group is, still today, the world’s largest pencil manufacturer, producing approximately 1.8 billion wood-cased pencils annually. • The first factory that produced pencils was in Keswick, Cumberland, United Kingdom in 1832. The Pencil Museum in Keswick is the home of the “world’s first pencil.”
• On the whole, Texas is a good bit hotter than Ohio, wouldn't you think? You might be surprised to learn, then, that on a per capita basis, Cleveland has ""42 times" as many swimming pools as Fort Worth.
• Smiling is a natural human instinct. Even people who have been blind since birth smile when they're happy.
• Those who study such things say that penguins are ticklish.
by itself just barely qualified as a micromini, but it was enough. The 21 Club changed its policy the next day.
• It was novelist Ayn Rand who made the following sage observation: "You can avoid reality, but you cannot avoid the consequences of avoiding reality."
by Samantha Weaver
• The birthplace of mass-produced pencils was Nuremberg, Germany. One of the earliest known makers of pencils was Kaspar Faber, a cabinetmaker in Nuremberg, in 1761. He glued narrow sticks of graphite between small, smooth pieces of wood. He started the FaberCastell Company.
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PENCILS (continued): • Nicholas Jacques Conté of France is credited DEERE. JOHN DEERE. with the invention of pencil (continued): “lead.” He mixed • graphite It was while living in Illinois that with Johnvarynowith clay to create pencils ticed the problems that The farmers when ing degrees of hardness. rodsfaced of graphite attempting to till soil. Because the area had and clay were fired in a kiln to prepare them formerly been woodland, the soil was rich for use. He received a patent for this process hummus, which clumped and clung to inwith 1795. the blades of the plows farmers were accus• With thetopencil’s origins in Germany andcirthe tomed using. While repairing a broken United Kingdom, imported pencils cular saw, DeereAmericans stumbled upon an idea. He for years. Early settlers in North America deemployed his smith skills to fashion the steel blade into theimports shape until of a the plow. He affixed pended on the supply was cut two wooden then hitched device off during the spokes, Revolutionary War. the Seeing the to a horse. It plowed the heavy Illinois soil need for pencils, William Monroe, a cabinetlike a charm. In fact, Massachusetts, a farmer who happened maker in Concord, became to be observing the test run immediately put known as the first pencil maker in America. in an order for his own John Deere plow. • James Musgrave was also involved in the ear• In short order, Deere gave up his blacksmith ly years of the pencil industry in America. The shop and focused on making plows. The owner of a sawmill in Shelbyville, Tennessee, company grew steadily and added many emhis main business worn cedar ployees. In the late was 1840s,cutting John relocated the fence posts into small slats of wood to ship entire operation to Moline, Illinois. Ashamedto German pencil companies. Musgrave bartered of his own lack of education, John sent his with farmers to replace their fences children to the state’s finest schools.with Onewire of and fencing order towhen have son the Charles cedar to hispole proudest daysinoccurred ship. earned the equivalent of an MBA from Bell’s Commercial College in Chicago. • When the United States entered World War I,
• the With his son Charles managing the company, company could no longer send wood to John found to pursue philanthropic Germany. At time that time, Musgrave started inthe terests. He co-founded both the First NationMusgrave Pencil Company. His success led to al Bank andcompanies the First Congregational other pencil opening in theChurch. area. In He was elected the mayor of Moline in 1873, the 1950s, Tennessee Governor Buford Ellingwhere one of his first actions – the replaceton named Shelbyville, “Pencil City, USA.” ment of the city’s open drains with a sewer • Some trivia: Two common derogpipe extra systempencil – saved countless lives by reducatory uses of theofword pencil found their way ing the spread disease.
English language yearsregistered ago: pencil• into Thethe original John Deere logo, in pusher means “office worker;” andtopencil1876, depicted a deer that was native Afrineck means “weak person.” The itfirst ca. Thirty-six years later, in 1912, wasterm recame about in 1881, while the second was first placed with the image of a North American recorded in 1973. white-tailed deer. In the decades that fol-
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lowed, the now-familiar “outline” logo took Thanks for Reading Tidbits! over as the symbol of the John Deere brand.
Information in the Tidbits® Paper is gathered from sources considered to be reliable, but the accuracy of all information cannot be guaranteed.
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