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H I S T O R Y

18 CHAP. II.

OF

perience has fince taught them—that the worft of all governments is preferable to the miferies of anarchy.! PERHAPS a diligent obferver might have difcovered, even in the firft proceedings of this celebrated affembly, the latent feeds of that violence, injuftice, and confufion which have fince pro­ duced fuch a harveft of crimes and calamities. Many of the doctrines contained in the declaration of rights feem to have been introduced for no other purpofe than to awaken a mifchievous fpirit of contention and cavil, and to deftroy all fubordination in the lower ranks of the people. Such, for inftance was the pofition, that " all men are born, and continue, free and " equal as to their rights;" according to which, there ought to be no distinctions in fociety, nor (if the poffeffion of property is a right) can any man have a right to poffefs or acquire any thing to the exclufion of others; a pofition not only falfe, but pernicious, a n d unfit for e v e r y c o n d i t i o n o f c i v i l i z e d life. T o promulgate fuch leffons in the colonies, as the declared fenfe of the fupreme government, was to fubvert the whole fyftem of their eftablifhments. Accordingly, a general ferment prevailed among the French inhabitants of St. Domingo, from one end of the colony to the other. All that had paffed in the mother country concerning the colonifts,—the prejudices of the me­ tropolis towards them,—the efforts of the fociety of Amis des Noirs to emancipate the negroes,—and the conduct: of the mulattoes,—had been reprefented to them through the medium of party, and perhaps with a thoufand circumftances of exagge­ ration and infult, long before the declaration of rights was re­ ceived in the colony; and this meafure crowned the whole. 6 They

An historical survey of the french colony in the island of St. Domingo comprehending a short account  

Auteur. Edwards, B. / Ouvrage patrimonial de la Bibliothèque numérique Manioc. Service commun de la documentation, Université des Antilles e...

An historical survey of the french colony in the island of St. Domingo comprehending a short account  

Auteur. Edwards, B. / Ouvrage patrimonial de la Bibliothèque numérique Manioc. Service commun de la documentation, Université des Antilles e...

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