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S T.

D O M I N G O .

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comrades had done at Fort Dauphin) and then reduced the town itfelf to afhes ( h ) . ON the whole, there is reafon to fuppofe that a great pro足 portion of the prefent Spanifh proprietors in St. Domingo are a debafed and degenerate race ; a motley mixture from Euro足 pean, Indian, and African anceftry ; and the obfervation which has been made in another place (i), concerning the Spanifh in足 habitants of Jamaica, at the conqueft of that ifland in 1655, will (h) In the northern province of the French colony, the inhabitants of Fort Dauphin, a town fituated on the Spanifh borders, having no affiftance from the Englifh, and being apprehenfive of an attack from the rebel negroes, applied for protection, and delivered up the town, to the Spanifh government.

T h e Spanifh

commandant, on accepting the conditions required, which were chiefly for perfonal fafety, iffued a proclamation, importing, that fuch of the French planters as would feek refuge there, fhould find fecurity.

Seduced by this proclamation, a confi-

derable number repaired thither ; when, on Monday the 7th of July 1794,

Jean

Fran巽ois, the negro general, and leader of the revolt in 1791, entered the town with fome thoufands of armed negroes.

He met not the fmalleft refiftance, either

at the advanced pofts, or at the barriers occupied by the Spanifh troops;: the inhabitants keeping their houfes, in the hope of being protected by the commandant. In an inftant, every part of the city refounded with the cry of " Long live the king of Spain ! Kill all the French ; but offer no violence to the Spaniards;" and a general maffacre of the French commenced, in which no lefs than 771 of them, without diftinction of fex or age, were murdered on the fpot : the Spanifh foldiers ftanding by, fpectators of the tragedy.

It is thought, however, that if the Spaniards

had openly interpofed, they would have fhared the fate of the French. It is faid that Mont-Calvos, commander of the Spanifh troops, moved by compaffion towards fome French gentlemen of his acquaintance, admitted them into the ranks, dreffing them in the Spanifh uniform for their fecurity; others were fecretly conveyed to the fort, and fent off in the night to Monte Chrifti, where they got on board an American veffel belonging to Salem. (i)

Hiftory of the Britifh Weft Indies, vol. 1.

equally

CHAP. XII.

An historical survey of the french colony in the island of St. Domingo comprehending a short account  

Auteur. Edwards, B. / Ouvrage patrimonial de la Bibliothèque numérique Manioc. Service commun de la documentation, Université des Antilles e...

An historical survey of the french colony in the island of St. Domingo comprehending a short account  

Auteur. Edwards, B. / Ouvrage patrimonial de la Bibliothèque numérique Manioc. Service commun de la documentation, Université des Antilles e...

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